Every day, baby’s skin must adapt to a new environment which requires our greatest attention. An exception organ for communication with the outside world, baby’s skin needs gentle products, specially formulated to protect it and preserve its softness.
The first protective barrier against the outside world, skin consists of three superposed layers, differentiated by their nature and function.
– The epidermis (1) forms the external structure of the skin and plays a protective part.
– The dermis (2), intermediate layer, consists of water, elastin and collagen fibres. It is the supporting layer of the skin, used for protection and healing.
– The deepest layer, the hypodermis (3), is rich in adipose cells (fat). It protects the body against physical shock, temperature variations and provides an energy reserve.
Why use special care products for babies?
– Because baby’s skin is under attack from the environment every day, and this can lead to sensitivity and irritation: friction from nappies and clothing, inappropriate care products, hard water, exposure to urine and stools…
– Because baby’s skin is sensitive to its environment:
At birth, the hydrolipid film of baby’s skin (4) which protects it against drying has a variable composition. Baby’s epidermis is thus more sensitive to risks of dryness.
Its horny layer (5), the upper part of the epidermis, has different thicknesses according to its location in the body. It forms a barrier against bacterial attach which can easily be weakened by certain situations (variation in pH, excessive humidity, faecal enzymes, repeated friction, detergent substances…).
Unlike adults, babies have a very large skin area compared with their low weight. A product absorbed by the skin will therefore be more concentrated for a baby than for an adult.
Using soft, appropriate products, baby’s skin will be better protected and retain its softness and elasticity.
Specific products :
Skin drying due to wind and cold appear in the form of scurf and cracks. Apply nourishing and protective products in the event of external aggressions (cold, wind, pollution, hard water…) at least once a day and before each outing.
To avoid sunburn and prevent dehydration, baby must never be exposed to direct sunlight. Give her cool water to drink and cool her down regularly. Against sunburn, protect baby with a broad-brimmed hat, a cotton t-shirt, bermuda shorts and sunglasses. Finally, choose a high index sun cream specially for children, but not before the age of 6 months, since UV filters may potentially be allergenic.
- Change baby frequently and dry his skin carefully without rubbing (water dries it on evaporation).
- Select high-tolerance hygiene products suitable for his skin.
- To avoid allergies due to the use of conventional detergents: use a hypoallergenic detergent specially designed for baby linen.
- Choose cotton clothing which lets the skin breathe.
- Make sure the temperature of the bath is not too hot (35°C maximum) because heat aggravates skin dryness.
- If baby has dry skin, add a little sweet almond oil under running water at bath-time.
But above all, ensure that baby’s skin is moisturized
A well moisturized* and well protected skin promotes baby’s comfort. Specific products applied daily protect the epidermis and restore the skin’s barrier function. If baby has dry, weakened skin and is itching, help baby protect himself!
To cope with external attack (cold, wind, pollution…), apply a moisturizing cream once or twice a day, to skin which has been perfectly cleaned and dried, on face and body, paying special attention to dry areas.